Guidance on Using Personal Conveyance for Hours of Service
Posted by Cliff J. on March 1, 2019 in Trucker Focus

With the Electronic Logging Device rule in effect for just over two years, I am still receiving questions about personal conveyance and how drivers can utilize it. As an example, a friend of mine was taking his 10-hour rest break, but the parking spot he was originally in was only a 6-hour spot. A law enforcement officer asked him to relocate his truck due to this guideline. As the driver relocated his truck, he restarted his 10-hour break. Neither the driver nor his company knew how to use personal conveyance to avoid this issue. 


To help provide direction in scenarios like the above, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) proposed final guidance applying to any driver authorized to operate a commercial vehicle for personal or non-business reasons. As we know, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) require drivers to document their hours of service (HOS) on records of duty status (RODS), identifying one of four duty status options: 


  1. On duty, not driving
  2. Driving 
  3. Sleeper berth 
  4. Off duty 


Personal conveyance is the movement of a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) for personal use while the driver is off duty. Motor carriers, at their discretion, may authorize their drivers to use a CMV for personal use. When this occurs, drivers are required to document such use as off duty on their RODS, regardless of the method used to record the driver’s HOS (e.g., paper logs, automatic on-board recording device, electronic logging devices (ELDs), etc.). 


The FMCSA's revised personal conveyance guidance focuses on the reason the driver is operating a CMV, without regard to whether the CMV is laden (loaded). It also provides a variety of scenarios as to when the use of personal conveyance is allowable and includes passenger carrier specific scenarios. 


The guidance clarifies issues such as: 

  • When using personal conveyance to leave a shipper or receiver and travel to a safe location for rest is allowed 
  • When commuting to and from work can be considered personal conveyance 
  • The use of personal conveyance does not impact on-duty time 


The ELD rule required ELD manufacturers to include a special driving category for authorized personal use, which includes personal conveyance. Drivers authorized to use personal conveyance may use this feature or remain in off-duty status. In either case, the electronic record should be annotated to explain the circumstances. Be aware that if you are using an electronic method, many systems require the motor carrier to turn on the personal conveyance option within their electronic system.


For guidance, please see the Personal Conveyance web page on the FMCSA website. 

Cliff J. is our Trucking guru
I bring over 30 years of trucking industry experience to Acuity. I worked my way up from driving to managing the safety operations of a transportation company, culminating in owning and managing my own regional trucking company. My main goal at Acuity is to help you, the motor carrier, the owner/operator and the driver better understand the insurance industry and help shape Acuity’s products and services to better meet your needs. I regularly provide ongoing trucking training to Acuity employees to help them understand the unique needs of those in the trucking/transportation industry. With over 30 years in the transportation sector, as both a company driver and as owner and manager of a trucking company, I have first-hand experience that helps me understand the challenges truckers’ face, and detailed knowledge of transportation regulations. My experience coupled with a background in insurance loss control can help answer and provide solutions to any issues that may arise.

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